بررسی اثر رشد تولیدات کشاورزی بر تولید زیست توده در منطقه خاورمیانه و ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه شیراز

2 استاد بخش اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه شیراز

3 دانشجو دکتری دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مطالعه استخراج تاثیرات کوتاه‌مدت و بلندمدت رشد تولیدات کشاورزی بر تولید زیست توده در منطقه خاورمیانه و بویژه ایران است. در این مطالعه با استفاده از داده‌های پانلی 11 کشور واقع در منطقه خاورمیانه برای دوره 1980 الی 2013 دو هدف اصلی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نخست آزمون وجود یا عدم وجود منحنی زیست محیطی کوزنتس بین زیست توده و رشد اقتصادی در منطقه خاورمیانه و ایران. در گام بعد به بررسی اثر رشد تولیدات کشاورزی بر تولید زیست توده پرداخته شد. در این مطالعه از سطح زیر کشت اراضی کشاورزی بعنوان معیاری از تولیدات بخش کشاورزی استفاده و آزمون ریشه واحد و تحلیل‌های همجمعی پنلی مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که در هر دو جامعه آماری ایران و منطقه خاورمیانه فرضیه منحنی زیست محیطی کوزنتس میان تولید زیست توده و رشد اقتصادی وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج حاکی از تاثیر کوتاه‌مدت و بلند مدت رشد تولیدات بخش کشاورزی بر تولید زیست توده در منطقه خاورمیانه و ایران است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study the Effect of Agricultural Production Growth on Biomass Production in Middle East and Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • ghasem layani 1
  • mohammad hassan tarazkar 2
  • navid kargar 3
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this paper is to reveal the short and long run effects of agricultural production growth on biomass production for Middle East countries and especially for Iran. This study employs panel data from 11 Middle East countries, from 1980 to 2013, in order to fulfill two aims. First, to test whether or not there is an EKC type relationship between biomass and economic growth in the Middle East and Iran. Second, to investigate the impact of agricultural sector growth on biomass production. Also, in this study, the area of arable and permanent crops was used as an agricultural sector production growth index and Panel unit root analyses and panel cointegration analyses were used to examine the relationship. The results showed that in both the statistical society of Iran and the Middle East, there is the Kuznets environmental curve hypothesis between biomass production and economic growth. In addition, the results confirmed the growth hypothesis in which agricultural sector production growth has positive effects on biomass production of Middle East countries and Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biomass
  • Agricultural Production
  • Middle East
  • Iran
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