شناسایی راهبردهای مطلوب مدیریت صحیح منابع آب کشاورزی از دیدگاه بهره‌برداران خرده‌پا (مطالعه موردی دهستان درزآب، شهرستان مشهد)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد.

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد.

چکیده

کاهش چشمگیر منابع آب تجدیدپذیر، سبب شده است تا تمرکز رویکردهای مدیریتی در اکثر نقاط دنیا از مدیریت عرضه به مدیریت تقاضا تغییر کند. بر این اساس پژوهش حاضر بدنبال شناسایی راهبردهای مطلوب جهت مدیریت صحیح منابع آب از دیدگاه کشاورزان بهره بردار در سطح خرد می باشد. روش تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی بوده و از دو ابزار مدیریت استراتژیک SWOT-QSPM استفاده گردید. واحد تحلیل 96 کشاورز خرده مالک در 10 روستای دهستان درزآب شهرستان مشهد طی سال 1397 بوده که به روش نمونه‌گیری گلوله برفی در تکمیل پرسشنامه داشتند. براساس مطالعات اکتشافی، 7 نقطه قوت و فرصت به عنوان مزیت و 26 نقطه ضعف و تهدید به عنوان محدودیت و تنگنا پیش روی مدیریت منابع آب کشاورزان خرده مالک شناسایی گردید نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که در مانریس SWOT با توجه به امتیاز 92/1=IFE و 66/1=EFE، به منظور بهبود مدیریت منابع آب، راهبردهای تدافعی (حداقل-حداقل) بهینه شناخته شد. در مدل QSPM در بین 7 استراتژی تدافعی ارائه شده، مهمترین استراتژی «تدوین سیاست‌های صحیح در جهت افزایش بهره‌وری آب»، با امتیاز 43/3 شناسایی گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying the optimal strategies for managing agricultural water resources small-scale farmers (Case study of Darzab village, Mashhad County)

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam ghasemi 1
  • lida alizade 2
  • hosein soheili far 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Mashhad, Iran.
2 Ph.D. Student, Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
3 M. Sc. Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
چکیده [English]

The significant depletion of renewable water resources has shifted the focus of management approaches from supply management to demand management in most parts of the world. Accordingly, the present study seeks to identify the best strategies for proper management of water resources from the perspective of farmers at micro level. The research method was descriptive-analytical and two SWOT-QSPM strategic management tools were used. The unit of analysis was 96 smallholder farmers in 10 villages of Darzab rural district of Mashhad during the year 1977 who completed the questionnaire through snowball sampling. Based on exploratory studies, 7 strengths and opportunities were identified as advantages and 26 weaknesses and threats as constraints and bottlenecks facing water resources management of smallholder farmers. And, EFE = 1.66, optimal (minimum-minimum) defensive strategies were identified to improve water resource management. Among the 7 defense strategies presented in the QSPM model, the most important strategy was "formulating the right policies to increase water productivity" with a score of 3.43.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategic management
  • water resources
  • smallholder farmers
  • Darzab district
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