تاثیر سرمایه‌گذاری مستقیم خارجی و سرمایه انسانی بر رشد اقتصادی بخش کشاورزی در کشورهای منتخب آسیایی در حال توسعه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه اقتصاد، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران.

2 استادیار و عضو هیات علمی گروه اقتصاد، واحد شیراز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شیراز، ایران.

چکیده

سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی به همراه سرمایه انسانی فاکتورهای مهمی هستند که می‌توانند بر رشد اقتصادی این بخش تاثیر بسزایی داشته باشند. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیر سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی و سرمایه انسانی و به خصوص تعامل هر دو، بر رشد اقتصادی بخش کشاورزی در کشورهای منتخب آسیایی در حال توسعه در دوره زمانی 2018-2000 می‌باشد. مدل به کار گرفته شده برای اقتصادهای ناپایدار (کشورهای در حال توسعه) طراحی شده که برای پژوهش حاضر مناسب است. در این مدل، اثر نرخ رشد جمعیت و تکنولوژی، سرمایه فیزیکی، سرمایه انسانی، سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی و تعامل سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی و سرمایه انسانی بر رشد اقتصادی بخش کشاورزی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. . نتایج نشان داد که سرمایه انسانی به تنهایی بر رشد اقتصادی بخش کشاورزی تاثیر نداشته و سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی به تنهایی بر رشد اقتصادی بخش کشاورزی تاثیر منفی دارد. همچنین در صورتی که سرمایه انسانی با سرمایه گذاری مستقیم خارجی ترکیب شود تاثیر آن بر رشد بخش کشاورزی مثبت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effect of Foreign Direct Investment and Human Capital on Agricultural Economic Growth in Selected Asian Developing Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Leylian 1
  • mehrzad ebrahimi 2
  • Hashem Zare 2
  • Ali Haghighat 2
1 Ph. D. Student, Economics and Management Department, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.
2 Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and human capital are important factors that can affect economic growth. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of direct foreign investment and human capital, and especially the interaction of both, on economic growth of the agricultural sector in emerging Asian developing countries in 2000-2018. The model used for unstable economics (developing countries) is designed to fit the present research. In this model, the effects of population and technology growth rate, physical capital, human capital, foreign direct investment and interaction of foreign direct investment and human capital on economic growth of the agricultural sector has been studied. The results showed that human capital alone did not affect the economic growth of the agricultural sector and foreign direct investment alone had a negative effect on economic growth of the agricultural sector. Also if human capital in combined with foreign direct investment, its impact on the growth of the agricultural sector in positive.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Growth of the agricultural sector
  • Human Capital
  • Foreign Direct Investment
  • Asian Developing Countries
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