بررسی تمایل پسته‌کاران استان یزد به مشارکت در قراردادهای کشاورزی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل.

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل.

چکیده

شواهد زیادی وجود دارد که نشان می‌دهد قراردادهای کشاورزی می‏توانند درآمد کشاورزان را افزایش دهند. هدف این تحقیق بررسی ترجیحات پسته‌کاران شهرستان ابرکوه در استان یزد برای طراحی خصوصیات قراردادها می‌باشد، تا از این طریق بتوان قراردادهایی را طراحی کرد که انگیزه مشارکت بیشتر کشاورزان را در پی داشته باشد. اطلاعات مورد نیاز از 103 باغدار پسته در سال 1397 و از طریق پرسش‌نامه جمع‌آوری گردید. در این تحقیق از فرآیند تجزیه و تحلیل سلسله مراتبی برای اولویت‌بندی خصوصیات قرارداد از منظر کشاورزان و آزمایش انتخابی گسسته برای بررسی ترجیحات کشاورزان نسبت به خصوصیات استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد عدم قطعیت بازار نهاده‌ها از عدم قطعیت بازار ستاده‌ها در تصمیم‏گیری کشاورزان برای مشارکت در قراردادها مهمتر می‌باشد. همچنین کشاورزان تمایل دارند تا ریسک خود را از طریق انتخاب بنگاه‌ها برای انعقاد قرارداد در مقایسه با انتخاب دولت و سازمان‌های مردم‌نهاد به حداقل برسانند و از این طریق نهاده‌ها و کمک‌های فنی را دریافت کنند. فراهم نمودن انگیزه‌های سرمایه‌گذاری برای ورود بنگاه‌ها به قراردادها می‏تواند آنان را قادر سازد تا قراردادهای جذابی برای کشاورزان ارائه دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Tendency of Pistachio Producers in Yazd Province to Participate in Contract Farming

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad mehry 1
  • mahmoud ahmadpour 2
  • Hamid mohammadi 2
  • mashaallah sُalarpour 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Economics, University of Zabol, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Agricultural Economics Department, University of zabol, Zabol, Iran.
چکیده [English]

There is much evidence to show that contracts farming can increase farmers' income. The aim of this paper was to study the preferences of pistachio producers in Abarkouh, Yazd province, to design contract specifications. To this end, contracts can be designed, so that farmers would have more incentives to participate in. Data was collected from 103 pistachio gardens in 2018 by using a questionnaire. In this research, a hierarchical analysis process was used to prioritize contract specifications from the perspective of farmers and discrete choice experiment was used to examine the preferences of farmers towards these characteristics. The results showed that market input uncertainty is more important than market output uncertainty in farmers' decision to participate in agricultural contracts. Farmers also tend to minimize their risk by choosing agricultural firms to conclude a contract in comparison with the government and NGOs' choices and thus receive inputs and technical assistance. Providing incentives for investment can enable agricultural firms to provide attractive contracts for small farmers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Contract farming
  • AHP
  • Conditional logit
  • Contract design
  • Willingness to participate
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