بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر ردپای اکولوژیکی کشورهای منتخب آسیا و اروپا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری.

2 دانشیار گروه اقتصادکشاورزی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

3 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری.

چکیده

در دهه‌های گذشته، به بررسی ارتباط بین رشد اقتصادی و تأثیرات محیط‌‌زیستی آن توجه بسیاری شده است. ردپای اکولوژیکی شاخصی است که نرخ مصرف منابع و تولید ضایعات توسط انسان را با نرخ بازتولید منابع و دفع ضایعات توسط زیست‌کره مقایسه می‌کند. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی رابطه بلندمدت و کوتاه‌مدت بین ردپای اکولوژیکی سرانه و متغیرهای تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه، مصرف انرژی، درجه باز بودن تجارت و توسعه مالی از طریق روش پانل ARDL، در بازه زمانی 2013-1992، با استفاده از داده‌های پانلی کشورهای منتخب عضو آسیا و اروپا می‌باشد. نتایج نشان می‌دهند که بین ردپای اکولوژیکی سرانه و متغیرهای مصرف انرژی، توسعه مالی و تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه رابطه مثبت و متغیرهای تجارت باز و توان دوم تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه رابطه منفی برقرار است. همچنین، نتایج نشان می‌دهند که فرضیه محیط زیستی کوزنتس در این رابطه به صورت U معکوس بوده و وجود منحنی محیط زیستی کوزنتس تأیید می‌گردد. همچنین، در هر دوره 59 درصد از عدم تعادل تعدیل شده و به سمت روند بلند مدت خود نزدیک می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating and Determining the Factors Affecting the Ecological Footprint of Selected Asian and European Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • hadiseh parsasharif 1
  • HAMID AMIRNEJAD 2
  • Mahsa Taslimi 3
1 M.Sc. in Agricultural Economics, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.
3 Ph.D. Candidate of Agricultural Economics, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In recent decades, attention has been paid to the relationship between economic growth and its environmental impacts. The ecological footprint is an indicator that compares the rate of resource consumption and waste generation by humans with the rate of reproduction of resources and the disposal of waste by biofuels. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term and short-run relationship between per capita ecological footprints and GDP per capita variables, energy consumption, trade openness and financial development through the ARDL panel method during the period of 2013-1992 using data Panels of selected countries of Asia and Europe. The results show that there is a positive relationship between per capita ecological footprints and energy consumption, financial development and per capita gross domestic product, and open trade variables and second-generation GDP per capita are negatively correlated. Also, the results show that the Kuznets 'environmental hypothesis is inversely proportional to U and the existence of Kuznets' environmental curve is confirmed. Also, in each period, 59 percent of the imbalance is adjusted and approaches its long-term trend.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ecological footprint
  • GDP
  • financial development
  • ARDL panel
  • selected countries of Asia and Europe
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