رابطه بین حمل و نقل، رشد اقتصادی و محیط‌زیست درکشورهای منتخب منا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای علوم اقتصادی، واحد تهران جنوب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد، واحد تهران جنوب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در روند حرکت جهانی به سوی توسعه پایدار توجه به آسیب های زیست محیطی ناشی از بخش انرژی، امری ضروری محسوب می گردد. بخش عمده ی گازهای آلاینده و گلخانه ای منتشرشده در جهان به صورت گاز دی اکسیدکربن و ناشی از سوخت های فسیلی حاصل از گسترش توسعه صنعتی و حمل و نقل است. در این مطالعه، به بررسی ارتباط بین حمل و نقل، رشد اقتصادی و محیط زیست در کشورهای منتخب منا طی دوره ی زمانی 2016-1996 با استفاده از سیستم معادلات همزمان پرداخته شده است. نتایج حاکی از آن است که با وجود تأثیر مثبت محیط زیست بر رشد اقتصادی و حمل و نقل، آلودگی زیست محیطی نیز در فرایند رشد اقتصادی و حمل و نقل افزایش می یابد. همچنین با وجود تأثیر مثبت حمل و نقل بر رشد اقتصادی، رشد اقتصادی نیز حمل و نقل را افزایش می دهد. لذا پ

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Transport, Economic Growth, and the Environment in Selected MENA Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • mahsa kalantarzadeh 1
  • fatemeh zandi 2
  • Mohammad Khezri 2
  • bijan Safavi 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Economics,Tehran South Branch , Islamic Azad University,Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics,Tehran South Branch , Islamic Azad University,Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In the process of global moving towards sustainable development, consideration of environmental damage caused by the energy sector is essential. Much of the world's pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions is in the form of carbon dioxide generated by burning fossil fuels as a result of expansion of industrial development and transportation. In this study, the relationship between transport, economic growth, and the environment in selected MENA countries over the period 1996-2016 using the Simultaneous Equations System is investigated. The results indicate that despite the positive effect of the environment on GDP growth and transportation, environmental pollution also increases in the process of economic growth and transportation. Also, despite the positive effect of the transportation on economic growth, economic growth increases transport.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Transportation
  • Sustainable Development
  • CO2 Emission
  • Simultaneous Equation System
  • MENA Countries
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