بررسی رویکرد موافق در مورد فناوری تراریخته در بخش کشاورزی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری ترویج کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد آموزش کشاورزی پایدار و محیط زیست، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، بررسی رویکرد موافق در خصوص فناوری تراریخته در بخش کشاورزی ایران است. بدین منظور با استفاده از تحلیل محتوا، رویکرد موافق در خصوص فناوری تراریخته مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. برای جمع‏آوری داده‏ها، مصاحبه با 23 نفر از پژوهشگران انجام گردید. یافته‏های تحقیق نشان داد چهار عامل «حفظ محیط‏زیست»، «بهبود سلامتی انسان» «اجتناب ناپذیربودن توجه به نظام کشاورزی مبتنی بر مهندسی ژنتیک» و «عدم مقبولیت ادعاهای مخالفان» از دلایل موافقت با کشت و مصرف محصولات تراریخته از دیدگاه پژوهشگران می‏باشند. برای رسیدن به خودکفایی در شرایط تحریم کنونی و رفع نگرانی در خصوص احتمال آلودگی بذور تراریخته وارداتی، در مرحله نخست انجام تحقیقات بیشتر بر روی ابعاد مختلف محصولات تراریخته (سلامتی، محیط‏زیست، اقتصادی و غیره) و تقویت بخش تحقیقات بیوتکنولوژی در عرصه کشاورزی و پزشکی پیشنهاد می‏شود و پس از رسیدن به توانایی لازم در زمینه تولید بذر و سایر نهاده‏های تراریخته و همچنین ارزیابی ایمنی این محصولات، تولید محصولات تراریخته با اهداف غیرخوراکی نظیر پنبه تراریخته و محصولات تراریخته به عنوان خوراک دام می‏‏ تواند در دستور کار قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey of the Agreed Approach to Transgenic Technology in Iran's Agricultural Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • yahya safisis 1
  • milad joody damirchi 2
  • Najimeh Esmaili 3
1 Ph.D. of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran.
2 M.Sc. of Agricultural Management, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran.
3 M.Sc. of Sustainable Agricultural and Environmental Education, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the agreed approach to transgenic technology in Iran's agricultural sector. To this end, using content analysis, the agreed approach to transgenic technology was examined. To collect the data, 23 researchers were interviewed. The findings show that the four factors of "environmental protection", "improving human health", "inevitability of attention to the agricultural system based on genetic engineering" and "non-acceptance of the claims of the opposition" are the reasons for agreeing to cultivate and consume transgenic crops. To achieve self-sufficiency under current sanctions and to remove concerns about possible contamination of Imported transgenic seeds, In the first phase, further research on different aspects of transgenic crops (health, environment, economy, etc.) and strengthening of the biotechnology research sector in the field of agriculture and medicine is recommended and after reaching the necessary ability in seed production and other transgenic inputs, as well as assessing the safety of these crops, producing non-food transgenic products such as transgenic cotton and transgenic crops as feedstuffs can be on the agenda.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Increasing Productivity
  • Protecting the Environment
  • Self-sufficiency
  • People Health
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